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Physiotherapy for Low Back Pain: Understanding and Treating Disc Herniation, Slipped Disc

Updated: Nov 25, 2023


physiotherapy for back pain and slip disc

Revive Your Spine: Comprehensive Physiotherapy for Disc Herniation and Slipped Disc Recovery

Low back pain is a common condition that affects millions of people around the world. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including injury, overuse, and age-related wear and tear. One of the most common causes of low back pain is a problem with the discs in the spine, such as a herniated disc, slipped disc, or bulging disc. In this blog post, we will discuss the different types of disc problems that can cause low back pain, as well as the physiotherapy treatment options that are available to help alleviate this pain.

Disc Herniation

A herniated disc, also known as a slipped disc or a herniated disk, occurs when the soft, jelly-like center of a spinal disc pushes out through a tear in the outer layer. This can occur in any part of the spine, but is most common in the lower back (lumbar spine) and neck (cervical spine). A herniated disc can be caused by a variety of factors, including injury, overuse, and age-related wear and tear.

Symptoms of a herniated disc can vary depending on the location of the herniation and the severity of the problem. Some common symptoms include lower back pain, leg pain or numbness, tingling, or weakness in the legs, and even difficulty walking. In some cases, a herniated disc can press on the nerves that control the bladder and bowel, leading to problems with urination or bowel movements.


If you suspect that you have a herniated disc, it is important to seek medical attention right away. Your physiotherapist will be able to perform a thorough examination and order any necessary imaging tests to confirm the diagnosis. Once a herniated disc has been diagnosed, your physiotherapist will work with you to develop an individualized treatment plan to help alleviate your symptoms and improve your overall function.

Bulging Disc

A bulging disc, also known as a protruding disc, is a condition in which the outer layer of the disc bulges out from the spine. This can happen in any part of the spine, but is most common in the lower back. Bulging discs can be caused by a variety of factors, including age-related wear and tear, injury, or overuse. Symptoms of a bulging disc can include lower back pain, leg pain or numbness, tingling, or weakness in the legs, and even difficulty walking. In some cases, a bulging disc can press on the nerves that control the bladder and bowel, leading to problems with urination or bowel movements.

If you suspect that you have a bulging disc, it is important to seek medical attention right away. Your physiotherapist will be able to perform a thorough examination and order any necessary imaging tests to confirm the diagnosis. Once a bulging disc has been diagnosed, your physiotherapist will work with you to develop an individualized treatment plan to help alleviate your symptoms and improve your overall function. Treatment for Disc Herniation, Slipped Disc, and Bulging Disc The treatment for disc herniation, slipped disc, and bulging disc will vary depending on the location of the problem and the severity of the symptoms. In most cases, non-surgical treatment options will be recommended first. This may include acombination of physiotherapy, medication, and lifestyle changes.


Physiotherapy For Low Back Pain

Physiotherapy is a vital component in the treatment of disc herniation, slipped disc, and bulging disc. Your physiotherapist will work with you to develop an individualized treatment plan that may include exercises to strengthen the muscles that support the spine, stretches to improve flexibility, and techniques to reduce pain and inflammation. Your physiotherapist may also use manual therapy techniques, such as spinal manipulation or mobilization, to help alleviate your symptoms.

Medication


Medications, such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or muscle relaxants, may be prescribed to help alleviate pain and inflammation. In some cases, a short course of oral steroids may be recommended to help reduce inflammation. Lifestyle changes, such as maintaining a healthy weight, regular exercise, and good posture, can also help alleviate the symptoms of disc herniation, slipped disc, and bulging disc.


Surgery

In some cases, surgery may be recommended for the treatment of disc herniation, slipped disc, and bulging disc. Surgery may be considered if non-surgical treatment options have not been successful in reducing symptoms, or if the problem is causing significant weakness, loss of sensation, or bowel or bladder problems.

One of the notable Indian cricketer Virat Kohli has also suffered from slipped disc, which he revealed in an interview. It's important to note that back pain can have a significant impact on your quality of life, and it is essential to seek medical attention right away if you suspect that you have a problem with your discs. With the help of a physiotherapist, you can develop an individualized treatment plan that will help alleviate your symptoms and improve your overall function.

In India, there are many medicines available for lower back pain, but it is always recommended to consult with a doctor or physiotherapist before taking any kind of medicine. They can suggest the best medicine for your condition.

Lower back pain can also be caused by various other factors, such as poor posture, lack of physical activity, stress, and even pregnancy in females. Covid-19 also can cause low back pain as the prolonged sitting, and work from home culture.

LPB is the Short form of lower back pain in medical terms. It is essential to take care of our back and maintain a healthy lifestyle to prevent lower back pain. Regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, and good posture can prevent lower back pain.

In conclusion, disc herniation, slipped disc, and bulging disc are common causes of low back pain. With the help of physiotherapy and other treatment options, symptoms can be managed, and overall function can be improved. It is essential to seek medical attention right away if you suspect that you have a problem with your discs. Remember, prevention is always better than cure, so take care of your back and maintain a healthy lifestyle to prevent lower back pain.

Reference:

  1. The effectiveness of physiotherapy for patients with lumbar disc herniation: a systematic review and meta-analysis" by Guo et al. in the Journal of Physiotherapy.

  2. "A randomized controlled trial of physiotherapy compared to surgery for lumbar disc prolapse" by Prasad et al. in Physical Therapy.

  3. "The effectiveness of physiotherapy for treating lumbar disc herniation: a randomized controlled trial" by Wang et al. in Spine

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